Opened a new method of selection of fertilizers
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow State University and the Fundamental Fundamentals of Biotechnology Research Center have developed a way to speed up the yield of agricultural crops. Scientists have proposed a new technology that allows for two hours to determine how chemicals affect plant growth. The research results are published in the journal BMC Plant Biology.
Instead of a multi-day experiment on seeds, scientists decided to study the effect of chemicals on plant pollen. They connected the pollen with various trace elements, using a microscope, took pictures of the compounds obtained at the very beginning of the process and two hours later, after which the computer program calculated the initial and final area occupied by pollen with different chemical compounds. Based on the data obtained, it is decided which substances stimulate or slow down growth.
The technology during the experiment was tested on tobacco; as a result, 65 samples were identified from 1040 chemical compounds, which significantly slowed down or accelerated the growth of the plant.
The results of the experiment of scientists are a scientific breakthrough, thanks to which the new technique can later be applied not only on pollen, the head of the biotechnology department in agriculture of the Skolkovo Foundation, Roman Kulikov, said. “Until now, testing of the effect of a substance on plants takes a long time, at least two weeks, with growing plants in the laboratory or in the field. What the scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology did, automating and speeding up the process, is essentially revolutionary, ”Kulikov told Izvestia. According to him, over time, similar studies can be carried out not only on certain plants with pollen, but also, for example, on stem cells, tracking the effect of chemical compounds on them - another promising direction in agrochemistry.
According to the researchers, the new technology will not only help increase yields, bring out new varieties of crops and destroy weeds.